The Nation is seized with the dangers of religious extremism and conflict between religious communities, particularly between two Religion faiths. The threat of religious extremism is real and well documented. The connection between religion and conflict is in the process of being thoroughly explored, however, to the extent that hyperbole and exaggeration are commonplace.
Ayodhya, so called ‘dispute’ by all parties and their leaders. It is not only the dispute of land or place of religious structure; it is a colossal damage on faith, sentiments and peace of both largest religions in India.
What is matter of contention?
Hindus and Muslims have been bickering for more than a century over the Babri masjid in Ayodhya, according the Hindu epic scripture Ramayana mentions Ayodhya in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, as the birthplace of the Hindu god-king Ram.
One front (Hindus) claim the mosque was the birthplace of one of their most revered deities, Lord Ram, and that it was built after the destruction of a Hindu temple by a Muslim invader in the 16th Century.
Other front (Muslims) claims in year 1528, a mosque was constructed in Ayodhya under India’s first Mughal ruler, Babur. Muslims offered prayers at the mosque until December 1949, when some people placed the idols of Ram under the cover of darkness in the mosque. The worship of the idols began soon after.
Over the decades, Hindu and Muslim groups went to Allahabad High court to seek over the control of the holy site and the right to offer prayers there; instead High Court ordered the maintenance of the status quo.
Judicial intervention in this Dispute:
The court ruled that the disputed holy site is the birth place of Lord Ram, who is “both a juristic person and a deity”.
The two Hindu judges on the three-judge panel said that the building constructed by the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India, Babur, was not a mosque because it was built “against the tenets of Islam” on the site of a demolished Hindu temple.
However the Muslim judge in the case dissented from this view, arguing that no temple had been destroyed and that the mosque was built on ruins.
The two Hindu judges also agreed that the Ayodhya site was found by the Archaeological Survey of India originally to have been “a massive Hindu religious structure” and that Hindus had been worshiping there as a “sacred place of pilgrimage… since time immemorial”.
It also ruled that Hindu idols were placed in the disputed structure in 1949 – a point which Muslims argue is important because that act, they say, triggered much of the tension over Ayodhya that remains today.
Involvement of Archaeology:
Archaeology took place when claim war started between religions. Archaeology is an ‘exact science’. However what may be recover in an excavation are partial remains of walls or floors, artifacts, ceramics, bones and so forth. It is on basis of these fragments that Archaeologists make inferences about past buildings, activities or events: utmost care needs to be taken to recover and analyze every bit of a data at the site.
In year 1990 BB Lal, a former Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) wrote an article about the excavations he conducted in Ayodhya from 1975 to 1980. It included a photograph of several brickbats heaps, which he claimed were the pillar bases of a temple that had been destroyed by Babur.
Religion tensions escalated:
The Hindu-Muslim tensions erupted in 1992 when a Hindus demolished the existing structure, and nearly 2,000 people were killed in subsequent religious riots across the country.
More than 50 people died in February 2002 when a train carrying Hindu activists returning to Gujarat from Ayodhya was set alight, allegedly by a Muslim mob.
At least 1,000 people – Largely Muslims – died in the violence in the state that erupted afterwards. Other estimates say the death toll was at least double than that.
Violence is uncorrected measure towards peace path: Peace-making is only way to rule hearts;
Religion is meant to teach us true spiritual human character. It is meant for self-transformation, it is to transform anxiety into peace, arrogance into humility, envy into compassion to awaken the pure soul in us and his love of source, which is God.
The world and its nations cannot have peace until nations and people begin to reduce their selfish desires for more and more material possessions, give up their racial arrogance, and eliminate their madness for worldly power. Material wealth alone cannot bring peace and happiness to the minds of people. The key to real and lasting peace lies in “mental disarmament”–disarming the mind from all kinds of “poisonous” defilement such as greed, hatred, jealousy, egotism, etc.
Religion not only inspires and guides people but also provides them with the necessary tools to reduce greed with the practice of charity; to overcome hate and aversion with loving-kindness; and to remove ignorance with the development of wisdom and insight in order to understand the true nature of being.
In the context of today’s spiritual need, religions should work together in earnestness and not in jealous competition with one another. They must work in harmony and cooperate in the true spirit of service—for the welfare and happiness of the many. It is only then that they can effectively influence the opinions of the masses and truly educate the people with some higher values of life, which are very necessary for peaceful co-existence and integrated human development.gs and “see things as they really are.”
Differences in religious beliefs and practices should not hinder the progress of various religions working for a common cause, for world peace. Let all religions teach people to be good and proclaim the brotherhood of humankind. Let religions teach people to be kind, to be tolerant, to be understanding.
Enough suffering and destruction have been caused by human “cleverness.” It is time that we pause and reflect upon the true values of religion and seek proper spiritual guidance to develop our “goodness,” to work for peace and harmony instead of war and disunity.
We all need to pledge one thing together which could really change our and other lives;
“Our religion is very simple, our religion is kindness. It is our goal to love everyone and hate no one”