India and the United States have a complex relationship, and while there are areas of cooperation, there are also factors that present challenges to a closer alliance. Here are a few reasons why India may not become a formal ally of the United States:
Non-alignment policy: India has historically followed a policy of non-alignment, which means maintaining strategic autonomy and not aligning itself with any particular bloc or alliance. India values its independence and prefers to pursue its own national interests rather than being tied to the interests of another country or alliance.
Diverse foreign policy priorities: India has diverse foreign policy priorities due to its geographic location, regional dynamics, and historical relationships. It maintains relationships with various countries, including Russia, China, and Iran, which may not align with the strategic interests of the United States. India seeks to balance its relationships and maintain good ties with multiple actors on the global stage.
Strategic autonomy: India has always placed a premium on maintaining strategic autonomy in its decision-making process. While there have been closer engagements between India and the United States in recent years, India remains cautious about entering into formal alliances that could potentially compromise its independent decision-making abilities.
Historical baggage: The history of India-U.S. relations has had its ups and downs. The United States supported Pakistan during the Cold War, while India pursued a non-aligned stance. Additionally, issues such as the U.S. imposing sanctions on India in the past due to its nuclear program have left a legacy of mistrust that may hinder the development of a closer alliance.
Different geopolitical perspectives: India and the United States have different geopolitical perspectives and priorities. While both countries may share common concerns about terrorism, trade, and regional stability, they may have divergent approaches and interests in specific regions, such as South Asia, the Middle East, or the Indo-Pacific.
It’s important to note that while a formal alliance may not be likely, India and the United States can still have a strong strategic partnership and collaborate on various issues of mutual interest. Both countries have engaged in defense cooperation, counterterrorism efforts, economic ties, and people-to-people exchanges, which contribute to strengthening their overall relationship.